One of the most common chronic disorders that affects the joints is known as arthritis. Arthritis of the knee occurs when the cartilage within the knee joint breaks down. Without a protective barrier between bones, pain, stiffness, and swelling can occur.
If arthritis of the knee begins to interfere with your daily life and more conservative treatments have not relieved your symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery. Not only can surgery alleviate pain, stiffness, and swelling, it can also improve your overall quality of life.
Most Common Surgery Options for Arthritis of the Knee
Read on to learn three of the most common surgery options for arthritis of the knee.
1. Arthroscopic Surgery
What is arthroscopic surgery?
Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally-invasive procedure typically used to repair a joint following an injury or to clear debris within a joint.
Who is the ideal candidate for arthroscopic surgery?
Those who are under 40 years old tend to be the best candidates for arthroscopic surgery.
Advantage of arthroscopic surgery
In most cases, this procedure will relieve the pain associated with knee arthritis almost immediately.
Disadvantage of arthroscopic surgery
Research has not shown whether arthroscopic surgery will prevent further damage to the knee joint.
What is an osteotomy?
During an osteotomy procedure, bone is cut to remove pressure from the injured part of the joint and to correct bone alignment.
Who is the ideal candidate for osteotomy?
Osteotomy is typically best for those who are active and under 40 years old and whose bones are not situated at the proper angle. Osteotomy is not recommended for people who are obese or who smoke.
Advantage of osteotomy
Osteotomy is typically effective in stopping joint damage.
Disadvantage of osteotomy
Swelling and numbness may last up to a month following the procedure. Compared to a partial knee replacement, an osteotomy requires more rehabilitation.
3. Joint Replacement
What is a joint replacement?
Joint replacement is a complex procedure which involves replacing damaged parts of the joint with artificial parts.
Who is the ideal candidate for joint replacement?
Total joint replacements generally are not recommended for patients who are severely overweight, have weak bones, or have serious heart or lung issues. And those with chronic diabetes have an increased risk of complications.
Advantage of joint replacement
Joint replacements have shown to significantly reduce pain and improve mobility and daily function. In fact, more than 90% of patients show significant improvement following this procedure.
Disadvantage of joint replacement
Because the new joint is artificial, it will wear out over time. Depending on the patient’s age, another joint replacement surgery may be necessary.
Request an Appointment at The Orthopedic Clinic Today
At The Orthopedic Clinic, we want you to live your life in full motion. If knee pain is making life difficult, let us help you with surgery options for knee arthritis. We’ll tailor a treatment plan that’s best for your lifestyle and get you back to doing the things you love.